News from Roy Henderson for October 2013
Science and history.
10:31 30 October 2013
By Roy HendersonThere may have been mineral workings on Force Crag since the 16th century but significant mining began in the 1800s to extract lead and silver. When the price of lead fell to uneconomic levels, attention turned to extracting barytes. In the mine's final years lead, barium and zinc ores were extracted. Eventually a collapse in the mine led to its being closed in 1990 and it was handed over to the National Trust. The buildings and machinery remain the only complete examples of their type in the Lake District and the mine is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument that is situated in a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).For this school visit, John Malley (the Trust’s Water Adviser) joined us. He is the Trust’s lead officer involved in the project to develop the best strategy for dealing with the water collecting in the old mine workings. So the children were able to learn a lot of science, especially chemistry, from him. They also had the opportunity to go inside the building and see the machinery that was used to crush the ores and to make ‘rubbings’ of machinery labels etc. as part of a pictorial record of the site.It was an excellent day with one of their highlights being the wearing of hard hats to go behind locked doors where they could see the workings and experience something that the miners experienced!Later in the week, I returned to the site with my volunteers to do some work diverting water around the scree slopes above the mine. This is one of those jobs where the best option is just to set to work with shovels and wheel-barrows and some hard work hand-digging to channel the water away from the screes. This should stabilise the slope. My great volunteers were, as ever, undaunted.Daisy here:Me and Roy went digging in the rain. It was horrible, horrible. Then we went back with the volunteers when it wasn’t raining. That was quite good.
Coppicing & building eco-heaps.
20:43 25 October 2013
By Roy Henderson
Ancient Coppicing in Cockshott WoodWe’ve just had the Friends of the Lake District Fell Care Day and I was working with a group of pupils aged between 8 and 11 from the feeder schools for Keswick School. We were working in Cockshott Wood doing some coppicing. Coppicing is a centuries-old way of managing woodland. If trees are cut down to ground level they will send up new shoots from the stump or roots. After a number of years, the new growth can be harvested and the cycle begins again.Cutting back the trees in this way allows light into the forest floor. This encourages greater diversity of both animal and plant species. Bluebells, anemones and primroses can grow more vigorously. Rotting wood-piles provide habitats for beetles, insects and small mammals. This in turn brings in more birds and butterflies. When the trees mature, the canopy eventually closes off the light to the woodland floor and the wood needs to be coppiced again. Ideally there will be a newly-coppiced area close by for the species to migrate to when they need to.So we started the cycle of creating a mosaic of different ages of coppicing. We will also be building eco-heaps of cuttings to add variety to the habitats.An extra bonus to this is that we can identify individual trees that we can leave with adequate space and light to grow to full maturity in future. There should be some excellent specimens of oak trees for following generations. These pupils will be able to bring along their own children and grandchildren to show off the results of what they are doing now.I also had a group of students from the Lakes College who did some great work resurfacing a length of path that was cleared recently by my regular volunteers. So we are making good progress on creating access for all around the wood.It was an excellent day all round and it’s a big ‘Thank you’ to everyone who took part. The children enjoyed it so much that they didn’t want to stop at the end of the day! That’s something we hope they will carry with them throughout their lives.Daisy here:I’ve been running round the woods with lots of people - lots of children and they spent all day cutting sticks for me. It was great.
Big projects moving forward.
16:34 13 October 2013
By Roy HendersonOnce again I had The National Trust Regional volunteers joining me at the weekend. This is a group I work with twice a year and it was good to see them back again. We worked in Cockshot Wood, the little wood behind the Trust shop at the lake shore. We did some preparatory work on making accessible a section of the loop of footpath that goes around the wood. This is an ongoing project aimed at making the whole of the path in the wood as accessible as possible for everyone. Once it is completed, we will have opened up another stretch of path and woodland for wheelchair users, pram pushers and others with mobility difficulties to enjoy. This project is part of the National Trust’s campaign to get people “outdoors and closer to nature”.Next week is a Fell Care Week when lots of volunteers from Friends of the Lake District and the National Park will be joining me and other National Trust staff to carry on the project.During the week we had the Trust’s National Archaeological Panel visiting Force Crag Mine. This is another ongoing project that I’ve mentioned before. It has three parts to it. First is to deal with the water that is discharging from the old mine. So we now have some large diggers at work in the middle of a Scheduled Ancient Monument digging it up for the installation of settlement tanks. It might look a bit shocking at first but all necessary consents have been granted after extensive relevant consultations including with archaeologists. If you want to make an omelette, you have to break eggs! In the long-term this will be beneficial for the site.Our second concern is the interpretation and presentation of the site. This was the last working mine of its type in the Lake District and is the only one surviving with all its machinery in situ. We want to be able to tell its story using ways that complement the site. Thirdly, we need to develop a plan for its future preservation. So those were the three topics for discussion with the panel. It will be interesting to read their conclusions.As a backdrop to all these activities, we are moving quickly into Autumn. The bracken and trees are changing colour day by day, the days are shortening, it is cooler and there are fewer people around. I love the valley all year round of course but autumn colour on a cold, sunny day is spectacular.Daisy here,I’ve been mountain biking – well, running alongside Roy. No photographs – I’m too fast.
The Best Bit
20:16 06 October 2013
By Roy Henderson
Daisy (and me) on TV.
13:47 01 October 2013
By Roy HendersonI can start the blog this time with some exciting news. In the list of good links, there are some new ones. They take you to information about a new ITV series of 20 programmes that follow the work of the Trust. The series begins on Sunday October 6that 12.25pm and Daisy will feature on a number of occasions – there might even be a space somewhere for me!
Meanwhile, change is afoot for Derwent Island House which will soon have new tenants. The current tenants are leaving so we are looking for new ones. We are taking this opportunity to make some changes. As part of that process I recently spent a very pleasant morning with John Hooson (The Trust’s Wildlife & Countryside Adviser) doing a macrophyte survey of the vegetation on the lake bed around the pipe-line that conveys the amenities to the island. Macrophytes are aquatic plants that provide cover and food for fish and also oxygenate the water so it is important that they are not threatened. We are planning to upgrade the service pipeline so next week I’ll be back out there with our Buildings Adviser and various contractors.
I have also been busy with the Mountain Rescue team. We have recently been having training sessions using the newly-installed anchor points on Sharp Edge. This is an initiative that has been two years in coming to fruition. There has been extensive consultation with the landowners, with user groups including the British Mountaineering Council, the Mountain Liaison Group, various climbing groups and also Natural England. These anchor points are not intended for general use by walkers and climbers but are for use in mountain rescues. They have been sited very carefully so that they do not detract from the experience of mountain users but they will make mountain rescues from the ridge or the gulley safer endeavours. Over my years of being involved in rescues, I have seen that some of the cracks in the rock that we have used for safety anchorage have been widening and there was a real concern that soon there would be a failure that would result in an accident for the rescue team.On a recent joint rescue with the Langdale team, after the missing person had been found safe and well, a colleague and I continued on up the fell. We had been searching in thick cloud with about 10 metres of visibility but at 11 pm we emerged at the summit of Great End and found ourselves above a temperature inversion. The valleys were shrouded in thick mist with just a few of the higher peaks rising above it. We were treated to clear skies with a big moon plus countless stars and satellites. So a successful search was topped off with a memorable experience.Hi, it’s Daisy here.I’ve got another new friend. It’s Mollie. She’s one of the Recruiters’ dogs and she’s really new. I’ve been teaching her how to play with sticks.