Team news for April 2016
Spring is here?
16:00 28 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedAfter several days of glorious sunshine, the arrival of blizard like conditions came as quite a shock on this day, Thursday the 28th of April...in the Troutbeck Valley.Our Ford Ranger......was instinctively sought out as the best shelter available by this lamb of just a few hours old born this day, Thursday 28th of April...in the Troutbeck Valley...The anxious ewe keeps a weather eye on her off-spring!
The 8th World Ranger Congress
08:26 22 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart Graham
Every now and then we hear stories on the news of rangers from other countries dying in the course of their jobs - protecting wild animals, trying to prevent the complete destruction of rainforests and other sensitive habitats and I think how lucky we rangers are in the UK that we don’t need to take guns to work with us, or wear bullet proof vests. That our visitors on the whole understand what we are trying to do, what we are trying to conserve and protect. Rangering is a varied and exciting profession which we need to shout more about. This is where the great work of organizations like the International Ranger Federation(IRF) comes in.The IRF ‘ensure the world’s terrestrial and marine parks, and the flora and fauna that live in them, are protected from vandalism, poaching, theft, exploitation or destruction’ – The IRF is the voice for the world’s park rangersEvery 3 years, the IRF organises a gathering of rangers from all around the world to share stories, learn new skills, create lasting partnerships and experiences of what it is like to be at the front line, protecting the world’s most special places. This worldwide event has been hosted in places as far apart as Australia, Scotland, Tanzania and South Africa and will be attended by rangers from 40+ countries. This year, it is being held in Estes Park in the Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, USA. Myself and Chris Wood (Ranger at the North York Moors and Yorkshire Coast Properties) have been chosen to represent the National Trust at the 8th congress in May. And to say I am excited is a huge understatement.
Reflection of Hallett Peak in Estes Park - WowObviously, Colorado is a loooong way away so I plan on making the most of it. I’ll also spend a week meeting some of the rangers in the Grand Canyon Parashant National Park. My kind and generous hosts have made exciting plans for me including an opportunity to join their ranger pilot for a flight over Lake Mead and Parashant. I’ll also get to experience an overnight trip into the Parashant International Night Sky Province to see the night sky in this truly wild place! One of the amazing views of the Grand Canyon Parashant National MonumentThis trip will be a very humbling and real celebration of what it means to be a ranger and be part of the worldwide ranger community. Chris and I will share this experience and raise awareness of the IRFs work with our fellow NT ranger colleagues as well as with you, our visitors and supporters. Watch this space. I wonder if I'll see any marmots?Clair PayneRangerHawkshead and Claife
Moving on with the year
09:00 15 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart GrahamWith the weather starting to improve now and more groups arriving the team here at the volunteer centre High Wray Basecamp is starting to spend more time outdoors now. We always look forward to this but with the miserable weather we had to put up with over winter we are sometimes quite pleased that we scale back on the amount of time we spend outdoors over the darker months. There are very good reasons for this as there is lots of wrapping up to do of the year just gone, planning to do for the year ahead and more importantly, maintenance of the site itself.
Lucky! The view from the top of Gummers How Not so lucky! Chilly and wet conditions for the trip up Far Easedale
07:00 15 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedWhilst working on a roadside footpath near The Howe Farm, Troutbeck, Bruna Remesso, Academy Ranger based at Saint Catherine's saw this impressive looking fungi. Using her mobile phone she took some images of it......growing on......a wrapped hay bale!
Just a tiny hole in the bale wrap has enabled the fungi within to fruit like this...anyone know what variety this one is!?
Spread of Invasive Himalayan Balsam after the Floods.
08:36 12 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedAn increase in the numbers of Himalayan Balsam seedlings are taking root at Millerground, on the east side of Windermere, this April. (See image below).Flood water has dispersed seeds from upstream over a much larger area than usual and in much greater concentrations.Himalayan Balsam is highly Invasive and will take over large areas if not controlled.Millerground is an important site for the rare native Touch-Me-Not Balsam which, sadly, is easily out competed and ousted by alien plant species especially Himalayan Balsam.This is an image of a Himalayan Balsam seedling. The heart shaped leaves running from top left to bottom right of the image are the cotyledon leaves which are present in the seed prior to germination. The first true leaves formed after germination are to be seen diagonally from top right to bottom left.Incredibily, there are over three hundred seedlings in this large handful pulled up from just a small patch of ground at Millerground. Each seedling has the potential to grow to over three metres in height and produce up to eight hundred seeds by late Summer.........to form dense stands like this one in following seasons. This stand was photographed in July on privately owned land above Millerground and on the same water course, Wynlass Beck, that flows through Millerground.Here is another stand by the side of Wynlass Beck slightly further upstream growing alongside yet another horribly invasive plant, Japanese Knotweed.Pollinators, mainly bumblebees, find Himalayan Balsam utterly irresistible as it produces vast quantities of nectar with a high sugar content over an extended flowering period; (It's a bit like putting a child in a sweet shop with no restraints!)Pollinators often ignore native plants in favour of this alien invader! This reduces the seed set of native plants and assists the spread of Himalayan Balsam adversely altering the ecological balance and nature of riparian and wetland habitats.A benefit of eradicating or at least reducing the numbers of Himalayan Balsam will 'encourage' pollinators to actively seek out native plants which in turn will increase in numbers allowing them to make a comeback in areas previously dominated by Himalayan Balsam. This should improve biodiversity...particularly in wetland areas and along river banks.Touch-Me-Not Balsam stand at Millerground last Summer; intensive eradication of Himalayan Balsam in this area has allowed the native balsam to flourish here.A close up of a Touch-Me-Not flower.Even more extensive eradication work will be needed at Millerground this season to prevent.......this......causing this......and this to occur year after year.
This post has no title...just words and piccys.
16:00 08 April 2016
By Ben Knipe, Dave Almond, Dave Jackson, James Archer, Neil Winder, Roland WicksteedToday, Friday 8th April, the Trust tenant farmer at Causeway Farm brought three ewes with their day old lambs to the parkland at St. Catherine's.A well earned rest after a bout of heavy drinking!St. Catherine's is very popular with dog walkers so,with the arrival of the livestock, these signs were immediately put up by Trust rangers at access points into the parkland.With livestock back in the parkland, a priority job was to clear the gravel (that had been washed down in the Winter floods) out of the cattle-grid.Livestock would find it fairly easy to negotiate this cattle-grid, full to the brim with gravel for much of its area, and wander out onto the road. Normally this cattle-grid is lifted out for cleaning purposes but the gravel had completely covered the fixing bolts.......so the Spring Clean had to be done the hard way.Trowels were used to scoop out the gravel between the bars......after loosening the impacted gravel with a bar (colour coordinated of course)......and or a mattock.The gravel was put to use resurfacing a boggy section of the nearby footpath. Recycling at its best!The gravel was dumped......and 'raked'.......to give a much better surface to this popular footpath.Work in progress.After well over two hours of hard work, and with a fair amount of empathy from passers-by, the job is done!The daffodils in the parkland...a particularly fine display this Spring.
A Spring in their step
16:04 04 April 2016
By Clair Payne, Craig Hutchinson, Glenn Bailey, Ian Griffiths, John Atkinson, John Moffat, Luke Sherwen, Matthew Allmark, Nick Petrie, Paul Farrington, Paul Kear , Richard Tanner, Rob Clarke, Sam Stalker, Sarah Anderson, Stuart GrahamFell farming has shaped the landscape of the Lake District for thousands of years using a system that has remained relatively unchanged. At the most basic level the fell farming year follows a cyclical pattern of sending stock off to the high fell, and gathering them back down for lambing in the spring and tupping time in the autumn. This system enables farmers to make best use of the limited growth that the vegetation puts on during the warmer months; it is no coincidence that the lambs are born in the spring as we are hopeful for some warmer weather and the grass will start to grow.
At the moment the ewes will have been bought down from the fell and will be held in the inbye fields. These are the fields in the valley bottom which are enclosed by the characteristic drystone walls where the ewes will remain until they have lambed, which for most fell flocks happens between mid-April to mid-May. Ewes with single lambs are sent back to the fell in May and those with doubles kept in the inbye until clipping time in July after which they are also sent to the fell. As you have probably guessed this is however only the tip of the ice berg …
Part of the Boon Crag flock, with Holme Fell in the background
One of the aspects of fell farming that always amazes me is how the farmer staggers their lambs to be born over the period of around a month. Whilst lambing remains one of the busiest times of the year for any farmer, this makes the onerous task slightly more manageable. This is actually done way back in October and November when the tups are put in the field with the ewes.
Fell breeds are particularly nimble and hardy; the grass is always greener on the other side!
Each tup is fitted with a ‘raddle’, which is comprised of a strap that holds a block of paint on the chest of the tup. During the act, this colour is transferred to the ewes back. Sheep are in season for a 17 day cycle, and the colour of the raddle is changed for every cycle, starting lighter and getting progressively darker, for example yellow, red then blue. Not only does the changing of the colour enable the farmer to predict the lambing date, but also to check that the tup is working correctly and to check that the ewe is cycling. All being well 152 days later little black lambs will start to appear in the fields!
Beatrix Potter played a pivotal role in ensuring the survival of the Herdwick breed by buying farms and bequeathing them to the National Trust. Here at the South Lakes property she left 14 farms, some of which I am fortunate enough to spend most of my days on fixing, building and carrying out conservation tasks. I have now been living in the Lake District for just over a year and during that time I have only began to scratch the surface when it comes to learning about fell farming; and I have only imparted a small part of my limited knowledge in the blog! Lambing is but one aspect of the fell farming year, let alone tupping, clipping, hay making, the relationship with sheep dogs and the myriad of other tasks that a farmer carries out to care for his stock. If you find fell farming as interesting as I do then come along to Wray Castle on the 2nd and 4th of June to meet one of our tenant farmers and some of his stock; he’ll be there to answer all your questions!